Glossary

Glossary of Tantra Words & Terms

Written by Shambhalanath and Lokanath

A

Abhaya. Fearlessness. Security.
Abhichara. Black magic.
Abhra. Mica. The Ovum of Shakti.
Abhyasa. A regular practice. Discipline.
Absorption. The Nath sits on the Dragon Seat inside a magical circle and creates or re-arranges energy to form a cone. Mind projections drawn into this cone are classified as absorption. See also: Expansion. Academies of Sense Perception. A deep study of the qualities and abilities of the five senses.
Adhara. A base or center of spiritual power.
Adhikara. Being spiritually competent for spiritual study. Adhyatmika. Body of knowledge relating to God.
Adhyaya. A chapter of a book.
Adi. Supreme. Primordial.
Adi-Nath. Sub-sect of the Nath line. Consciousness; awareness itself. A title of Shiva.
Aditi. Space.
Aditya. The Sun.
Advaita. Not two. State of oneness with all.
Agama. The tradition of the Tantrics and Kaula, as opposed to that of the orthodox or Aryans known as Veda. In Agamas, Shakti asks Shiva questions, and he replies. In Nigamas, this is reversed.
Agamas. Tantric scriptures dealing with rites, dharma, cosmology.
Agarthi. Cave complex under the Himalayas from a ruined Gobi Desert civilization. Their traditions include: following the right hand path, being easy to understand, having a religious orthodoxy, being filled with superstitions, having a priest craft and using prayers of dubious value. See: Shambhala.
Agni-Hotra. Square fire pit of Vedic Brahmins.
Ajapa Mantra . “Hong-Sau.” The mantra of the in and out sounds of the breath.
Akula. Not Kula. Shiva. The Alpha Ovule.
Amavasya. New Moon.
Amrita. The female ejaculate; The Nectar of the Goddess; Fountain of youth
Anama. “Without name”. A synonym for Hamsa 21600.
Ananda. Bliss. Joy.
Anahata – 4th Chakra, the heart center
Angaraka. Mars.
Anima The siddhi of becoming as small as an atom. There are 7 others, so the whole group is referred to as the 8 Siddhis.
Anja. The sixth chakra. The third eye
Apadravya Artificial phallus.
Apara Lower, worldly knowledge.
Arambhashura “A hero in the beginning.” One who fails to finish heroically.
Ardhanareswara Shiva and Shakti in one image.
Arghya. An ark or receptical of creative power. Arrows, flowering. The five senses.
Artha. Substance; what requires gathering for human sustenance, i.e. food, wealth, etc.
Asana. a physical posture, or yoga related position
Ashirwad. Blessings.
Ashram (a). Home of a person or group who lead a spiritual life. Usually for a Guru and Chelas.
Asuras. Antigods.
Atma (n). The highest or true self as distinct from the consciousness or ego. Shiva embodied. There is no difference between Atman and Paramatman except that caused by Maya. The Atman is not necessarily embodied.
Atmadarshan. Vision of the Real.
Aushadhi. Name of the Goddess as Mother of Herbs and medicine.
Avatar (a). Incarnation of a God or Goddess into a human or animal form. One who incarnates a particular truth or path on Earth.
Avidya. Ignorance. Spiritual blindness. Illusion.
Ayurveda. “Knowledge of longevity”. Traditional Indian medicine and medical practices.
Ayurvaidyas. Those who practice traditional Indian medical techniques.

B

Bala. Daring. Also the name of the girl Bala, an aspect of Tripurasundari.
Bali. Animal sacrifice.
Bandah – muscular lock, used to direct and intensify sacred energy.
Bhaga, See yoni. Also means “Good Luck”(!)
Bhairava. The terrific aspect of Shiva. His vehicle is a black dog.
Bhairavas. “The Fearless Ones” who are members of a Tantrik sect which worship Kali.
Bhairavi. Shakti or partner of Bhairava.
Bhakta. A devotee.
Bhakti Yoga. Path of devotion to God.
Bhasma. Ash.
Bhaya. Fear.
Bhoga. Sexual enjoyment. Enjoyment of the senses.
Bhojana. Food. “That which is enjoyed”. There are three types: Lunar, composed of sense impressions; Solar, composed of the breath; Fiery, composed of edibles and water.
Bhuchari. A group of Shaktis connected with objects.
Bhukti Muktikaranika. The path of enjoyment and liberation.
Bhu Prastara. A ritual posture of the Suvasini: she is recumbent.
Bhuts. Elementals. The term comes from bhuta. These are the five elements, Space, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth.
Bindu. The point without a center from which proceeds Cosmic Sound
Bija. A “root” or “seed” sound or syllable of a mantra. Sperm.
Body Yantra. Simplified version of the Shri Yantra. A map of the Microcosm.
Bow (of sugarcane). The mind.
Brahma. The creator of the Cosmos.
Brahma Trees. Trees whose wood or flowers or leaves have some particular spiritual merit.
Brahmarandhra. The hole of Brahma. The spiritual center at the top of the head.
Brahmin. One who knows Brahma or the Absolute.

C

Chaaya . Shadow. The Astral Body.
Chakras – nerve centers of the subtle body; seven in number, base of spine, genitals, belly, heart, throat, forehead (third eye), top of head
Chandra. The Moon.
Chandra Bindu. “Juice of the Moon”. Precedes Maithuna in the Suvasini.
Chandrakalas. The 108 Navamshas. See Navamshas.
Chela. Pupil of a Guru.
Chhala. A sham.
Chhoma. Finger signs used for secret identification.
Chhota. Little.
Chit. Consciousness.
Ching-chi. Sexual energy. This is the power that goes into creating a child. When procreation is not the goal Taoists believe, it is best to conserve this energy and channel it throughout your body for pleasure and health.
Chi. Bioelectric energy that flows through the body. Acupunture stimulates the flow of chi. To feel the flow of chi rub your hands together for 10 seconds and then hold the palms about 1 inch apart. If you concentrate you should be able to feel a flow of energy between them.
Chitrini. A tiny nadi within another nadi.

D

Daka- Male Priest, healer can embody shiva and serve Shakti unconditionally
Devi – Female Tantrika or Yogini. An attendant or servant to Great Goddess by holding the intention to embody Her highest will; Commonly used to describe a Priestess, healer, alchemist, or initiate skilled at high level arts.
Dakshina. Gift given to one’s Guru.
Dakshina Marg. Right hand path. South path. Opposite of Vama Marg.
Danda. Magick wand. A rod.
Darma- Your soul’s purpose, a completion of karma through Divine servitude.
Darshan. Vision. Direct experience of spiritual energies and forces.
Datta. Form of Dattatreya.
Dattatreya. The ultimate guru figure of India. Some sects have deified him.
Demon. An individual guardian spirit (Latin: Daemon. Greek: Daimon). In Xtian thought: an evil spirit. Follows the custom of converting non-Xtian dieties and concepts into devils and evil desires. A demon can only be bad when the mind conceives it as being so.
Deva(s). God(s). Shining ones.
Devadas (is). “Servants of the Gods”. Temple prostitutes.
Devi. Goddess or Shakti. There are said to be 33,000,000 Devis, but all are aspects of one primordial Goddess. Devi Chakra. The circle of all the Shaktis or Energy Clusters of the Goddess.
Dharana. Concentration of mental energy on one point.
Dharma- divine duty, or highest spiritual path Darshan – inner vision; to see a great or holy individual, either human or divine
Dhatu-Vada. “Essence Way”. Alchemy.
Dhuni. Sacred “fire”. It only smolders. Made of wood or cow dung. Of non-Vedic origin. Usually circular (yoni image) about 10-12 inches in diameter. Sadhus at their homes tend it.
Dhuti. Messenger.
Dhyana. Meditation. Consciousness without thought. Image to be used in meditation.
Digambara. Clothed with the directions of space. Naked. Refers to Dattatreya. Compare to Wiccan “skyclad” and Nuit of Liber Al.
Digits. Periods relating to the Moon cycle. Kali’s digits: waning Moon. Lalita’s digits: waxing Moon. Jvalamukhi’s unified digits: full Moon.
Diksha. “Enhallowment”. Initiation.
Dikshaka. One who initiates.
Dikshita. One who is initiated
Dragon Seat. The center of a Zonule
Durga -the warrior Goddess
Dvapara Yuga. Second great period of time.
Dvesha. Hatred. Aversion.
Dvija. “Twice born”. Initiated.

E

Ekagrata. Concentrating on one thing at a time.
Emkara. The syllable “Aim”–seed mantra of Tara and Sarasvati.
Expansion. The Nath sits on the Dragon Seat inside a magical circle. From the circle s/he creates or rearranges energy to form a cone. Mind projections sent outside this cone are classified as expansion. See: Absorption.

F

Fourth. The Wake-Dream-Deep Sleep continuum.

G

Gandharva. Celestial musicians in the Heaven of Indra (Indraloka).
Garbha. The womb.
Gauri. The Golden One. A name of the Goddess.
Goad. Represents repulsion. Represents the Sun.
Gochari. A group of Shaktis connected with the 5 senses of the knower.
Gola. A type of menstrual blood.
Granthi. Knot or complex. Knot of delusion.
Guna. Quality or trait. There are 3: Rajas–active; Tamas–passive; and Sattvas–the balance of Rajas and Tamas.
Gems of the Naths, See jewels of the Naths.
Guru. “The Dispeller of Ignorance”. A guide. A realized preceptor who can guide the sincere. The living representative of a philosophical or religious system. There is no difference between realized Guide, Goddess and God.
Guruparampara. A serial line of teachers.
Guru Purnima. See purnima.

H

Hamsa. “Swan”. A mantra, which is the natural sound of the breath. It is uttered 21600 times a day.
Hatakeshvara. An aspect of Shiva.
Hatha- literally the “Sun joins the Moon” symbolically translates to the soul’s connection with the body.
Hatha Yoga. “Sun-Moon Yoga”. Exercises for better physical health. Also means “Forced Yoga”. Can detract from spiritual pursuits by addicting one to the body.
Evolved by Gorakhnath.
Hrim. A mantra of Maya Shakti. Pronounced “Hreem”.

I

Iccha. The Will.
Iccha Shakti. The Shakti or Energy of Will.
Ida. The (feminine, lunar) nadi going about the central Sushumna nadi.

J

Jada. Inert. Physical body without consciousness.
Jagat. “That which is always going”. The phenomenal world.
Jagrat. Waking state of consciousness.
Japa (m). Repetition; as of a mantra.
Jewels of the Naths. There are three: Sama–equipoise; Samarasa–seeing self as the world, and the world in the self; and Sahaja–spontaneous naturalism.
Jiva. The incarnated Atma.
Jivatma. Individual consciousness.
Jivamukta. Liberated while still in the body.
Jnana. Knowledge.
Jnana Shakti. The Shakti or Energy of Knowledge.

K

Kailasa Prastara. Denotes the female superior sexual position.
Kaivalya. Supreme liberation of consciousness from a sense of individuation granted by Kali.
Kala. Time. Star. Perfume. Ray. Essence. Unguent. Part or division of one whole process or thing.
Kalagnirudra. The Fire at the End of Time, which burns up the whole Cosmic play.
Kali. Goddess of Time or Period. Presiding Goddess of the Naths.
Kalpa. An age. See Yuga.
Kama. God of erotic love. Lust. Sexuality. What is required for procreating.
Kamakala. Essence of desire. Triangle of bindus (red, white and mixed) representing the Yoni of the Goddess. In Shri Vidya (Knowledge of the Shri Yantra) it means that for creation sperm and egg must come together. The inner heart of the Bindu. See the booklet, “Lalita Magick”.
Kamakhya Pitha. Seat of the Goddess at Kamarupa. A place especially sacred as it is the place of the Devi’s Yoni on Earth.
Kamarupi. The Goddess at Kamakhya.
Kamrup. An image or form of desire. A power zone.
Kanchuka. Clothes.
Kanchuki Devi. The Goddess as wearing different clothes (Kanchuka) which represents layers of other Shaktis.
Kanya. Girl. Virgin. Virgo.
Kapala. Human skull.
Karana. Primal cause.
Karma. “Action”. “Results of doing”. Inevitable law of cause and effect. May last over lifetimes.
Kartikkeya. A son of Shiva. Also known as Skanda or Subrahmana. His vehicle is a cockerel.
Kaula. A knower of Kali-kala. The perfect assimilation within oneself of both Sun and Moon. Symbol: an eclipse.
Kaulesha. Lord of Kaula.
Kaulika. One following the path of Kaula. Relating to the Kulas or clusters.
Kavacha. A protective amulet. Armor.
Khageshvari. Goddess of Space or Aether.
Khechara. One who can move in the Expanse of Consciousness = Shiva.
Khechari. A group of Shaktis connected with the Knower.
Kinnaras. Spirits who are half human and half beast in the service of Kubera.
Kirtana. Song and dance of worshippers of Vishnu or his incarnations.
Kleshas. “Pain”. There are five dealt with in Nath literature: Ignorance, Ego, Repulsion, Attachment and Clinging to Life.
Krishna. “The Black One”, “The Stealer of Souls” The eighth incarnation of Vishnu. Represents the spontaneous power of unconventional sex.
Krita Yuga. First great period of time.
Kriya. “Action”. Sometimes electric-like shocks that can cause the physical body to twitch.
Kriya Shakti. The Energy or Shakti of Action.
Kshetraja. The Shaktis born from sacred sites.
Kshetrapala. A son of Shiva. He rules over the land around the homestead and has a terrifying form.
Kula. “Clan”. A Shakti or Energy. Family or cluster of Kali’s Shaktis: some build, some maintain, and some whithdraw.
Kulachara. The Path of the Kulas.
Kulayana. Another name for Kula or Kaulashastra.
Kumari. Virgin.
Kumani Puja. Worship of virgins.
Kunda. Type of menstrual blood.
Kundalina. The Devi who is concealed in the internal dhooni or smouldering fire pit.
Kundalini- latent energy located at the base of the spine. Kundalini is like coiled sleeping serpent. The yogi works to gently awaken this dormant energy to attain enlightenment.
Kusha. Sacred grass. Used in certain ceremonies.

L

Lakh. 100,000.
Lakini. One of the 7 Shaktis associated with the metabolism of food in the human body.
Laksha. Points in the body, which are to be meditated upon.
Lakshmi- Goddess of abundance, wealth, happiness and prosperity. The consort of Lord Vishnu
Lalita. Sexual aspect of Shakti. Collective form of the three Shaktis of Shiva (See Shiva): Will, Knowledge, Action.
Laya Yoga. An attempt to raise the levels of consciousness until “liberation” is reached. No known person has succeeded by this method. Nathas say it is only symbolic.
Lila. Play. Sport. Game.
Lingam . Male genital organ. The special symbol of Shiva. A man’s “wand of light”. From Linga, pillar of adoration and worship of Lord Shiva- cosmic masculine force, igniting destruction or creation, consort and Tantric lover to Shakti
Lokapalas. World protectors. There are four, represented by the equinoxes and solstices. The sphinx or the riddle of Egypt also represents them.
Lokas. Worlds or planes of existence. Inhabited by intelligent beings.

M

Madya. Wine.
Magick. The six types of Tantric Magic are for the purposes of protection, peacemaking, victory, wealth, punishing and destroying.
Maha. Great.
Mahadeva. “Great God”, that is, Shiva.
Mahadevi. The Great Goddess.
Mahasamadhi. Refers to a tomb.
Mahatma. Great soul.
Maha-yuga. “Great Age”. It is composed of 4 Yugas for a total of 4,320,000 years.
Maithuna – Elaborate Tantric ritual with many parts, culminating in some form of sacred sexual union.
Makara. “Truths”. “Substances”. Pancha Makaras or Pancha Tatvas means the 5 truths or principles. It refers to a sexual Tantric ritual.
Mala. Rosary.
Mamsa. Meat.
Mandala. A magic circle.
Manipura – 3rd Chakra, the power center, located around the navel
Mantra (m). Words with inherent power. God or Goddess in sound form.
Mantraja. The Shaktis created from the spiritual process of uttering mantras.
Mantrin (fem: Mantrini). A magician who practices mantra magic.
Marg. Path or way.
Marma. Power zone on the human body. There are said to be 108 of them. On the Shri Yantra, as related to the human body, a marma is said to exist where 3 lines intersect.
Matrika. The letters of the alphabet. The Goddess in her form as all sound and speech.
Maya. “Illusion”. Goddess who causes us to see energy patterns as the physical world. “…The mystic, magic power of Shakti which manifests, makes and creates the relative and forms the basic delusion of all mankind…between Truth and mankind hangs the eternal veil of Maya delusion.”
Meena. Fish.
Mercury. Semen.
Moksha. Ultimate spiritual liberation from material bondage. One of the 4 duties of a human. The others are Dharma, Artha and Kama.
Mounam. Silence. To take mounam means to take a vow of silence.
Mridanga. A type of drum.
Mrityunjaya. Shiva as conqueror of death.
Mudra. Symbolic and/or magical gestures. Sacred hand gestures to focus the body’s energy with intention
Mukti. Liberation from individualized consciousness.
Muladhara – 1st Chakra, the root center, located at the anus or perineum
Muni. Sage.

N

Nada (m). Vibrational energy, which pervades all things. It manifests as sound. “The absolute as sound.
Nadis – subtle nerve channels related to physical body and energy healing
Nagas. Serpent spirits.
Nakshatra. One of the 27 sidereal lunar constellations.
Namaste’. a greeting a person says meaning the divine in me honors, acknowledges or sees the divine in you.
Nath (a). Lord, Master. Mistress. Protector. Refuge. One who gives equal importance to the three energies within: Lunar (intellect), Solar (emotions), and Fire (bodily sensations). An ancient Indian Magical Cult.
Navamshas. 200′ of arc in Sidereal Astrology. Each constellation has 1800′ of arc. Therefore, there are 9 (nava) navamshas in a sidereal constellation. Since there are 12 constellations in the Sidereal zodiac there are 9 times 12 or 108 navamshas.
Nayika Siddhi. Magic power to evoke a beautiful woman.
Nectar. See Amrita.
Nitya. Day or “digit” of the Moon. Eternal. Unchanging.
Nirvana – Ultimate spiritual peace, a place that transcends birth and death and absolute freedom from attachment is achieved. The Vedas say when you reach the attainment your soul no longer needs to incarnate on the earth plane
Nivritti. Cessation of mental tendencies. A life of having no physical things as followed by Sannyasins. Involution. Opposite of Pravritti.
Niyama. Restraint of mind.
Noose. Represents attachment, the Moon.
Nyasa. “Applying”. Drawn energy for a purpose such as transferring power to a candidate during initiation.

O

Ob-blocks. See Kleshas.
Ojas. Subtle vital force within the body, which can lower immunity and vitality through, forced orgasm, excessive and/or genitally focused ejaculation
Omkara. The famous mantric syllable OM or AUM.
Orgasm. Climax of sexual energy. There are 7 levels of orgasm. Through Tantra one may have more then just genital orgasm. Example: a heart orgasm is much more intense.

P

Paan. A sweetmeat made of betel nut and other fragrant substances wrapped in a betel leaf.
Pada. Feet.
Padma. “Lotus”. Symbol of yoni.
Padukas. Wooden sandals. Worn by Dattatreya.
Pagal. “Mad”. Pagalnath: Nath sect so-called due to outrageous behavior.
Pancha. Five.
Para. Transcendental spiritual wisdom. Beyond. Distant. Far.
Parada. “Mercury”. Semen of Shiva.
Parampara. Line of succession.
Para Shakti. Supreme Shakti in whom all the other Shaktis or Clusters reside.
Paro. Mysterious or secret pattern to an action done by one’s own will.
Pashu. Animal herd. Animal nature. Literally “a beast” but in the special sense meaning a human being who is ignorant and uninitiated.
Patra. Magick chalice.
Phat. “Crack”. The Thunderbolt Mantra. Used to drive off disturbing spirits. Fingers should be snapped around head while saying it.
Pinda. The Microcosm. Pindas are small balls of food offered during the Shraddha or ancestor ceremony.
Pingala. Male, Solar nadi opposite Ida nadi going about the central Sushumna nadi.
Pitha. Pedestal, but applied to mean a site where a particular aspect of the Goddess presides. Pitha also refers to centers within the body.
Pithaja. The Shaktis born form the spiritual centers or pedestals (Pitha) of Goddesses.
Pradakshina. Walking clockwise in a temple as a form of worship.
Prakriti. Materialized nature. It is the basis of the three Gunas.
Prana – Energy, air, breath, life force; received by the body from pure food, nurturing, healing and self transformation.
Pranayama – yogic breath techniques; consciously control of breathing patterns to quiet the mind and balance the body’s natural energies
Prana-pratishtha. Life-emplacing. Techniques to manifest “life” within an object.
Prajna. True wisdom. A higher mode of knowing.
Prasada. Peace. Tranquility. An offering of food. Pravritti. Worldly life. Evolution. A flowing forth, unfolding what is within. Opposite of Nivritti.
Prayoga. Application (uses).
Preya . That which is pleasing to the senses.
Puja. Magic. A specific ritual, or sacred circle of worship
Pujari. Priest.
Purana. “Ancient”. A class of Sanskrit scriptures concerning Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva written for the masses. There are 18 Puranas.
Purnima. Full Moon. Guru Purnima: The day reserved for homage to Guru. A festival, related to the element of Spirit. Occurs in late July or early August.
Purusha. Pure, un-manifested consciousness.

R

Rajas. Guna of activity. Menstrual blood.
Rasa. The elixir in Alchemy. “Liquid”. “Mercury”. Sense of taste. Dance of Krishna and the Gopis.
Rasi-Chakra. Zodiac. Rasi means 1/12 division of the zodiac.
Raurava. A terrible underworld.
Reiki – Japanese work which employs Universal Healing Energy
Ridgepole. Fluid yet equipoise line existing between the two states of active and passive.
Rishi. A Seer. Sage. Maharishi means great sage.
Ritu. Rite or ceremony. Time between a woman’s menstrual flow. The menses.
Roga. Disease.
Rupa. Outward appearance. Beauty. Image.

S

Sadhaka. A follower of a Sadhana. A magician.
Sadhana. “Direct way”. A ritual. A spiritual discipline.
Sadhu. Holy man. Ascetic. Yogi.
Sahaja. Spontaneity. Shaktis spontaneously created. Joy. Naturalness. Amorality.
Giving all worldly things divine status.
Sahaja Chakra. Circle or Sphere of Spontaneity. Sahaja is one of the three gems of the Nathas. Samarasa and Sama are the other two.
Sahajiya . Doctrine of nature. Doctrine of spontaneity. Sa Ham/So Ham. “I am she” or “I am he”. Sound of the breath. See: Hamsa.
Sahasara – 7th Chakra, the crown center, located at the top of the head
Sahodara. Brother or sister.
Sama. Equipoise consciousness. A state in which all is viewed equally. Balance. The same. Equal.
Samadhi. Complete contemplation where the mind and soul attain close relationship and understanding. Can lead to Samarasa.
Samadrishti. “Equal vision”. Seeing all things as equal. Samarasa. Where the yogi sees himself (herself) as the world and the world as being in himself (herself).
Perfect assimilation within oneself. Equipoise in feelings. Mind at rest.
Sama Veda. Veda of chants. One of the four Vedas.
Samhita. Mystic union.
Sampradaya. Lineage. Tradition. Sect.
Samsara. The wheel or ocean of life and death. Wheel of time. Combinations of Shiva’s 3 Shaktis that create diversity in the cosmos. ‘All together flowing Samskara. A mental impression produced by past experiences, mental or behavioral patterns.
Samvit. Consciousness.
Sandhi. Joints in the human frame. Body power zones found where two lines meet on the Shri Chakra. They are 24 in number.
Sandhya. See Sandhi.
Sandoha. Assembly Point for Naths and Kaulas.
Sangsara. See: Samsara
Sannyasin. One who rejects society to devote himself or herself to intellectual and spiritual culture.
Sattva- blissful illumination, joy
Satya. Truth. Reality.
Shabda. Vibrational energy manifesting as sound. Includes physical or “struck” sound and internal, silent un-struck” sound.
Shajasamadhi. Highest form of Samadhi.
Shakinis. Witch-spirits.
Shakti. An Energy or Power of supreme Shiva. Feminine counterpart to each of the Gods of the Hindu pantheon, especially of Shiva. The power, drive and force within a person.
Shaktipat – A transmission of spiritual energy usually given by a guru
Shambhala. Cave complex under the Himalayas from a ruined Gobi Desert area society. Their traditions include: Working the left-hand path; Doing Tantric Magic; The study of science and yoga. It is said that the next avatara will come from Shambhala. Compare with Agarthi.
Shaman – American Indian name for a spiritual healer
Shambu. “Horn of Plenty”. A title of Shiva.
Shanti. Peace. Tranquility. Often repeated 3 times after a prayer.
Shastra. Compendium or collection of knowledge.
Shava. Corpse. “Shiva is Shava without Shakti”.
Shishya. Disciple or neophyte.
Shiva. Lord of Withdrawal. Represents pure consciousness. Possesses 3 Shaktis or Powers: Iccha (Will), Jnana (Knowledge), and Kriya (Doing).
Shloka. Short verse.
Shri. Auspicious. Holy. Beauty.
Shri Chakra. Two-dimensional form of the Supreme Goddess.
Shrim. Mantra of Lakshmi Shakti, also known as Shri. Pronounced “Shreem”.
Shukra. Semen.
Shula. Spear.
Shunya. “Zero”. A yoni symbol.
Shushupti. The states of dreamless sleep in which distinctions between knower and known are abolished.
Siddha. A perfect or realized or enlightened being. One who possesses Siddhis.
Siddhi.Magickal or spiritual power for the control of self, others and the forces of nature.
Sloka. See: Shloka.
Smashanam. Cremation ground.
Soma. Nectar of Ecstasy. Lunar deity. Any of 24 types of psychoactive plants given in the Vedas.
Spanda. Vibration.
Sphota. Sound; vibration from which the phenomenal world emanated.
Sri. See: Shri.
Sthitaprajna. One established in Spiritual Wisdom.
Sukha. Pleasure.
Sulphur. Menses.
Sunyata. The void. The abyss.
Suras. Gods.
Sushumna. Main nadi. It runs vertically through the spine.
Sushupti. Deep dreamless sleep.
Suta. A famous Brahmin Rishi of antiquity.
Sutra. “Thread”. An aphorism. A book of aphorisms.
Suvasini. “Fragrant woman’. Priestess in some Tantric rites. Shakti of the Sadhaka.
Svaha. “Hail” (greeting or honoring).
Svapushpa. Menses.
Svarupa. The true nature of things.
Svecchacharya. The path of doing one s own Will.
Swadhistana – 2nd Chakra, the sexual center, located at the genitals
Swapna. Dream state consciousness.
Swasti. “It is well”. “May it be auspicious”. A power phrase.

T

Tamas. Guna of rest, passivity.
Tankas. Banners.
Tantra. A Sanskrit word, tantra is often translated as the “weaving together” of the sacred masculine and feminine aspects of the Divine. It also translates as “liberation” or “transformation”, since its practitioners (tantrikas) seek divine self-realization as their true goal.
Tapas. “Asceticism”. “Heat”. A psychic glow as a result of arousing and controlling the psychosexual energy of the body.
Tarpana. Liquid oblation.
Tattva. “Things”. Principle. Truth. Element. Essence.
Temenos. Sacred zone.
Tika. Mark on forehead signifying commitment to a spiritual ideal.
Tirtha. Sacred bathing place. Power zone.
Treta Yuga. Third great period of Time.
Tridandin. A member of the Brahmin caste who has retired from worldly life.
Triple Blessing. “Shanti, Shakti, Shambhu.” It means, Peace, Power, Plenty.”
Tripura. “3 Cities”. A Form of Lalita. Her 3 cities are her Shaktis or Powers.
Tripurasundari. See: Lalita. The Triple Goddess. Composed of Bala (the young virgin), Sundari (the mother of the universe), and Bhairavi (the crone).
Twilight Worship. Puja at dawn, midday, sunset and midnight.

U

Udbhava. Type of menstrual blood.
Umbra. “Shadow”. “Shade”. Archaic meaning: something or some entity which accompanies a person or thing. Therefore, a guardian spirit; an attendant phantom, present but not visible.
Upadhi. Similar to Maya. The illusion we place over reality. Smash Upadhi and enlightenment occurs.
Upanishad. “The sitting down at the feet of a teacher to listen to his words.” Secret or Esoteric doctrine. Oral lore. There are said to be 108 Upanishads. It is either genuine magickal lore or it is not a true Upanishad. They are not a religion. The two basic types are Agamic (Tantrika) Upanishads and Vedic Upanishads.
Upeksha. Indifference. Beyond caring.

V

Vairagya. Freedom from desire. Detachment.
Vajra. Adamantine. In the Nath tradition it means, “that which survives all”. The Alpha Ovule. Shiva. A double trident. Signifies the human body.
Vajrini. Tiny duct carrying prana within the subtle body.
Vama. Left. Woman. Excrement. What is vomited forth.
Vama-Chara. See: Vama Marg.
Vama Marg (a). Left turning path. Reversal of conventional concepts of spirituality. Methods, which are quicker and more direct.
Vashat. Well done.
Vatuka. The Little Brahmin, or the virginal knower of the Absolute. An aspect of Shiva.
Veda. “Knowledge”. “Ritual lore”. Usually applied to the texts of the orthodox Aryans. These four principle Vedas are the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. In the current Kali Yuga there are so many contradictory interpretations of fragmented and corrupted Vedic texts that they have become irrelevant. The true “scriptures” for this age are the Tantras.
Vedika. Square area for worship.
Vetala. Vampire.
Vidya. “Knowledge”. A “Female Mantra” or Goddess in the form of sound.
Vidya Gupta. Secret oral traditions.
Vina. A type of stringed musical instrument.
Viparit-karani. “Opposite Doing”. Doing actions contrary to the social norm–thus, eating beef in India (a taboo) is used as Viparit-karani in some Tantric rituals.
Viparita Maithuna. Ritual sexual intercourse with the female superior.
Vira. “Hero”. An initiate or aspirant for higher, spiritual life. One who is on the path of the Kaulanaths.
Virabhava. Ritual sexual intercourse of a Sadhaka and his Shakti. It also means heroic disposition as Divyabhava means celestial disposition and Pashubhava means herd-like disposition.
Viraga. “Without desire”. Indifference to pleasure and pain.
Vishnu. Lord of Maintenance.
Vissuddi – 5th Chakra, the throat center, located at the throat
Vyoma-Malini. Shakti of Space garlanded with Flowers of Creation.

Y

Yajaka. High Priest.
Yaksha. A species of mythological beings that are the attendants of Kubera, God of Wealth. The female Yaksha is a Yakshini.
Yama. God of Death, also known as Dharmaraja. Self-control of thoughts and actions.
Yantra. Energized glyph or symbol such as a mandala. Said to have a life of its own. Devi in geometrical or patterned form.
Yavanacharya. “The Greek Teacher”. Pythagoras.
Yoga. “Union”, “Yoke”. The transformation of the mind complex and its activity leading to higher spiritual levels. In the West it is a frequent misnomer for Hatha Yoga.
Yogaja. The Shaktis created from the spiritual work of a Yogi.
Yogi. One who has mastered himself and controls his senses.
Yogin. See: Yogi.
Yogini. A female Yogi. A woman adept. Also a synonym for a Shakti in both celestial and earthly senses.
Yoni. A woman’s sacred temple; ring like symbol of Shakti or female power. Female sexual organ.
Yoni Puja. The art of orally stimulating the female genitalia with loving adoration.
Yuga. “Age”. “Aeon”. There are said to be 4 (Satya, Treta, Dvapara and Kali)
Yugas. We are in the last or Kali Yuga.

Z

Zonule. A small zone. A power area.